The External Ministry of Indian protest over the Pakistan Supreme court order to hold election in Gilgit- Baltistan region of Pok (Pakistan Occupied Kashmir): In the recent order Pakistan’s supreme court approved the Pakistan order of 2018 regarding Gilgit-Baltistan issue to conduct general assembly election. Gilgit-Baltistan was functioning as a “Autonomous Region” from 2009. India protest strongly against this order of Pakistan’s supreme court saying that Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh is the union territory of India which include Gilgit-Baltistan region so Pakistan has no right to pass any order over this region.
Know the Geography of Gilgit-Baltistan
Gilgit- Baltistan region located in North of the Pakistan. It share border with the China in North, Afghanistan in the west, Tajikistan in the north west and Kashmir in the south east. Its geographical boundary is in the Pakistan occupied Kashmir but India consider this region as a integral part of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh region. Pakistan see it as a autonomous region and separate from Pok. Gilgit- Baltistan has an elected Chief Minister. One major project of China i.e. CPEC ( China Pakistan Economic Corridor) passes through this region. Climate is so harsh in this region, Three of the longest glaciers outside the polar region found in this region.
After defeating Sikh in 1846, Britishers sold this to Dogra ruler of Jammu Gulab singh and took control through a lease agreement. This lease was last renewed in 1935. In 1947 a British army office of Colonel rank arrested Jammu ruler Hari singh and hand over this accessioned area to Pakistan.
Future Consequences for Pakistan
UN resolutions of August 13, 1948 and January 5, 1949 clearly says Gilgit-Baltistan is linked to the Jammu & Kashmir and any such decision by Pakistan would damage it’s position in the United Nations. This move also violate the 1963 Pak-China Boundary Agreement that calls for the sovereign authority to reopen negotiations with China “after the settlement of the Kashmir dispute between Pakistan and India” and of the 1972 Simla Agreement that mentions that “neither side shall unilaterally alter the situation”.